# Photon – Particle Generating Waves

Even though this post is a work at progress I decided to publish it. Hopefully I’ll manage to fill the gaps in near future.

Photon, a particle or a wave phenomenon? Due to Isaac Newton’s influence photons were thought as particles for a long time. On the other hand, phenomena like refraction and diffraction supported the idea of wave, so in 19th century Maxwell and Hertz nailed down the wave paradigm. Current consensus is that photons exhibit both particle and wave properties. But what a photon really is?

So far we know from the work of our predecessors that photon’s energy is $E=h\nu$ where $h$ is Planck constant and $\nu$ is the frequency of the photon. But what are those in physical sense? Frequency is relatively easy to picture in TOEBI-wise, it must be the rotating rate of the underlying spinning particle. Spinning particle (referring at its intrinsic spinning) is free to rotate/spin on any axis and depending on the orientation of the rotation we have different polarizations (linear, circular, elliptical). Photons travel at $c$ hence their emerging electric and magnetic fields have the wave length according to $\lambda = \frac{c}{\nu}$

Why photons travel at $c$? Because they can’t go any faster due to the TOEBI fact that the underlying spinning particle spins at rate where its “surface” velocity is $c$ (at its equator). That spinning rate applies also to electrons and “quarks”. What does this spinning rate does in case of photons? When photon is created and accelerated it finds the balance where the spinning rate equals its traveling speed. On the other hand, photon frequency gets its value at this point. Photon frequency stores the energy of the created photon and this frequency is used in the future interaction between the created photon and another particle (interaction mechanism is another story).

*** link to gravitational shifting at this point?

What effectively happens at this equilibrium is that incoming FTEPs’ drag is compensated by the generated force due to FTE density differences between the side of the particle heading and the opposite side (sort of Bernoulli principle in action). The same mechanism applies with massful particles but with a little twist of mass gaining (relativistic mass).

What happens if the surrounding FTE density of passing by photon changes? Once again photon would find its equilibrium, the spinning rate stays the same hence photon must travel “faster” or “slower” than previously. Those quotes mean that, in reality, photon would still travel at $c$. Atomic clocks (as any timing device) would also accommodate the FTE density changes, higher the density slower the clock would tick and lower the density faster the clock would tick hence the photon velocity would stay the same $c$.

On the other hand, also photon frequency would change. Increasing FTE density would make photon rotate faster as well as decreasing FTE density would make photon rotate slower compared to the initial state FTE density. Same applies if we have a moving light source. It’s like running with your toy windmill at hand, hence it won’t come as a surprise that a moving light source’s light experiences red and blue shifting accordingly.

What is the relationship between those two rotation frequency altering phenomenon? How much higher FTE density must be to have the same effect on the light of our light source compared to case we put it on the move, say 1 m/s?

*** continue (wave phenomena)

*** continue (whatta heck is Planck constant? physical picture)

BTW. Virtual photons are FTEPs (see Aether is Great Hypothesis)

# Aether is Great Hypothesis

One thing puzzling me is why contemporary physicists don’t build theories based on aether (or ether). I don’t mean by aether only the luminiferous aether, my picture of aether is a much broader concept. One that makes possible all the interactions and explains various physics phenomena all along (i.e. Particle Entanglementrelativity <- a bit outdated paper though). At least I haven’t seen any papers about the aether almighty written by real physicists.

Let’s view few examples in the light of aether. Naturally we have to speculate because TOEBI doesn’t contain the needed derivations at the moment. How about virtual particles? Why not FTEPs? I mean, FTEPs can do the job as well but are more versatile. Like what happens when FTE density goes up? That reminds me of the general relativity where increased mass means that space-time changes so that time slows down compared to lesser mass environment. Or what might happen in TOEBI-land if we put some stuff into relativistic velocities? Those speeding atoms would encounter incoming FTEPs so much that their internal parts, like bound electrons, would once again slow down their movement, hence slow down the tick rate in clocks.

How the four known interactions might play out? Gravitational interaction in TOEBI emerges from the fact that there is a greater FTE density for a particle on the side facing the gravitating large object. It probably means that the circulating FTEPs around a particle flow faster (because they would curve quicker) on that “thicker” side, combined that with the Bernoulli principle causes the gravitational interaction. Electromagnetic phenomena are also explainable by FTE and spinning particles but those require a lot more explaining and opening, I have plans for writing on those in detail in TOEBI 2.0 paper.

Strong nuclear interaction might emerge from the aethereal circumstances where three “quarks” are put together. From TOEBI perspective those quarks are normal electrons which also explains the quark confinement nicely. Three, at very close proximity, spinning electrons generate a very dense local FTE which prevents those electrons from flying away. Surely outside FTE conditions could affect the stability of those nucleus electron configuration, lesser the outside FTE density greater the decay rate of unstable atoms and particles. Good example is neutron which is stable in an atom, where the FTE density is greater. Results from DAMA/LIBRA could also hint that the FTE density changes affect the decay rates. Similar observations related the decay rates are easily found via Google.

What else? You name it and I’m able to explain it based on the aether hypothesis.

(Edit) Naturally one has to mention dark matter and energy, those two get their explanations naturally from aether dynamics. Rotating galaxies get their flat velocity curves due to orbiting (around galaxy center) stellar objects generating FTE waves into the surrounding space. Actually, scientists have also detected wave-like pattern in our galaxy regarding stars’ positions in galaxy arms, that emerges easily from constructive wave interference in aether.

Dark energy phenomenon emerges when compressed aether’s particles (FTEPs in TOEBI) pushes each other away. Huge volumes between galaxy clusters contain a lots of FTEPs and those FTEPs, pushing each other, are behind dark energy.