Category Archives: Experiments

Tickling The Dragon's Tail

Update 02/28: By using my magnets and Americium I couldn't detect increased gamma ray production rate. The problem was that I couldn't get my Geiger counter inside the setup hence the experiment's casing (including magnets) absorbed pretty much all of the produced gamma rays leaving me only the background radiation level (~20 microSv/h).

As hindsight, I should have also used alpha radiation detector with Americium because that's the main radiation type coming out of it. So, lessons learned... a) I need a bigger setup capable of holding a radiation meter inside it. b) Either alpha radiation detector or a different radioactive material is needed. I think alpha radiation detector is the easier option.

Nevertheless, I have spent too much time of my time on this project, so I have to have a little break. Anyway, I'll have another try later this spring with proper equipment/material.

 

Ok, let's start the dance! In between 15. and 29. of February I'm conducting a series of new enhanced experiments on the phenomenon of reduced FTE density. There is a three possible outcomes, negative, expected and over the top.

Negative outcome means that I can't measure increased radioactivity decay rate from my Americium-241 sample. If that's the case, I'm done with TOEBI, seriously. Even though, in deep down, I believe I'm onto something fundamental about Nature. Maybe somebody more capable pulls the rabbit out of TOEBI, so to speak.

Expected outcome means significantly increased radioactivity decay rate. Because TOEBI is living its infancy I can't calculate the exact value for the increase, nevertheless, it should be easily detectable. If that's the case, I'll get busy with writing patent applications and finding collaborators for the further studies and applications.

Over the top means that on top of the increased radioactive decay (mainly from Am->Np) rate I'll manage producing various other decay chains, perhaps all the way down to (never-seen-before) proton decay. What would this outcome mean? I have absolutely no idea.

Let's hope for the best!

One-Way Speed of Light

Another make it or break it experiment for TOEBI is the following one-way speed of light experiment. Measuring the one-way speed of light won't be as trivial as one might initially think, check out the Wikipedia article for more information.

My claim, based on TOEBI, is that the one-way speed of light won't be the same in all inertial frames and to my surprise the following experiment has never been done.

Let's have a train (our inertial frame) moving with a constant velocity \(\vec{v}\). Then we set up two light detectors, say 30 meters apart and mark up the spot X in between the detectors having an equal distance (15 m) to the detectors. At spot X we synchronize two atomic clocks and move them next to the detectors with the same, very slow, pace. Detector and atomic clock pair functions so that when light is detected then atomic clock records the time of the event.

Then we set up our light source on spot X and start making events. According to relativity theories those recorded times should be exactly the same, but according to TOEBI that won't be the case. How come? That's because photons move through FTE, in our case, FTE provided by Earth. Inside FTE, photons move at speed \(c\) as expected but the problem obviously arises in our experiment. If the train moves at speed \(v\) and photons at speed \(c\) then photons will reach the rear detector sooner than the front detector, but Einstein disagrees, without any experimental backup.

Synchronization of the atomic clocks was performed as relativity theories would require in order to keep those clocks synchronized. In reality, it would be sufficient to put all those equipment in their proper places before the train leaves a station. Acceleration of the train won't unsync those clocks even though equivalence principle "dictates" so, once again, no proof exists for unsynchronization in case like this one (a.k.a. acceleration happens perpendicularly to a gravitational field).

Reduced FTE Density

Finally I managed to get some time for explaining the experiment concerning reduced FTE density. I'll draw few clarifying pictures as soon as possible but now let's focus on the qualitative description.

Due to physical spinning phenomenon an electron inside FTE generates  incoming FTEP vortices towards its spinning axis poles and those incoming FTEPs are ejected away from the electron when those vortices encounter. This is the basic mechanism related to electrons in TOEBI. Basically this means that electrons are capable of redistributing FTEPs around them and we can amplify this phenomenon with magnets.

Only possibility (in TOEBI) which prevents hadrons from decaying must be so much greater outer FTE density than the inner FTE density that it compensates the FTEP momentum received by quarks, otherwise those quarks would fly away from each other. How come outer FTE density is able to bound the quarks receiving constant impulse (in form of FTEPs) from each other?

If we have an electron in an environment where its other side has a smaller FTE density than the other side then what would happen? Obviously electron's outward FTEP flux experiences lesser resistance in the direction of smaller FTE density, meaning also that the outward FTEP flux towards the other direction experiences greater resistance. In practice it means that in the direction of greater resistance ejected FTEPs push electron into the opposite direction more than ejected FTEPs on the other side do. Hence greater outer FTE density is capable of preventing hadrons from decaying.

FTE_support_for_hadrons

What will happen to hadrons if we manage to reduce outer FTE density enough? They will decay. Surely before noticing anything special about hadrons we should notice some effects concerning larger atoms and that's the target of the experiment.

So we only need a test material surrounded by a bunch of magnets in a specific pattern in order to generate something measurable, right? Not so fast, we have to take into the consideration few other things, like Earth's movement around Sun, the biggest FTE density distributor to the experiment after Earth. Earth itself can be ignored due to the fact that its FTE moves along us, hence provide a static FTE circumstances for the experiment. Naturally phenomena, like external magnetic fields, on Earth can interfere with the experiment.

Blueprint for the experiment is following. We indeed enclose a test material with magnets in certain pattern... Every magnet pair (pair of magnetic poles facing each other) should be N-S pairs in order to maximize the local FTEP redistribution. Putting up the setup might require few trials and errors before it's stable and here's how it should look alike.

magnet_setup

At left there's a test material sitting in the middle of the "magnetic walls" and at right it's fully covered. It doesn't need to be a air tight configuration and surely it leaks magnetic field lines but that's not too damaging. The point is that the volume surrounded by magnets is going to experience a reduced FTE density. How's that happening?

Well, because those unpaired electrons inside the magnets, which are responsible for magnet's properties, do the trick. They "suck" in nearby FTEPs through their spinning axis poles and eject them (mainly) on their spinning plane, in our experiment it means following FTEP flow pattern.

magnet_setup_flow_pattern

But that's not enough. In order to create reduced FTE density we have to something about the FTE provided by Sun. Earth orbits Sun which is the second greatest FTE provider after Earth. Every atom bound to Earth experiences Sun's FTE(Ps) and because we are orbiting Sun it means that the atoms are constantly receiving "new" FTEPs along our journey around Sun. These new FTEPs go through our magnets and maintain the normal FTE density in our volume. That must be eliminated.

One simple method for eliminating those FTEPs would be a stack of magnets (next to our setup) magnetic field pointing to the direction of Earth's orbital movement. Such a stack receives incoming Sun provided FTEPs and ejects those FTEPs away perpendicularly to the magnetic field. The question goes how big stack of magnets is sufficient?

magnet_setup_buffered

That I must somehow calculate, at least if we aren't selecting the trial & error approach. I'll try to calculate the exact stack size at some point, at latest when I'm trying out the experiment by myself. Nevertheless, trial & error is an option, I just need more N52 grade magnets.

What would be a suitable test material then? Obviously radioactive substances qualify, measured increase with their radioactive decay rate works as the proof of concept. Americium-241 from smoke detectors is the easiest choice for test material, after positive outcome, some heavy elements as well as hydrogen gas are next to go.

What else interferes with the experiment? Naturally anything capable of redistributing FTEPs effectively can interfere, in most cases this means that we have to make sure that there won't be large amounts of electrons (other than those involved with the experiment) next to our setup. Not used magnets and unnecessary objects (i.e. electronic devices, wires, metals, static electricity sources) should be cleared around the setup.

With above instructions we should achieve (based on TOEBI) increased radioactivity of Americium-241 and if that happens the sky's the limit.

Proof For The Mechanism

Update: Actually that experiment must be done between N-N or S-S magnetic poles. TOEBI 2.0 released later will explain why.

I figured out a pretty easy way to prove TOEBI description for particle interactions. You need only a magnetic field, a laser and a decent photodetector. According to TOEBI, the mechanism behind the attractive force between magnetic poles is due to a spinning vector pattern which allows the accumulation of FTEPs on the electron's side facing the other magnetic pole.

Accumulation of FTEPs means an increased FTE density which has its consequences... for example, if we send light into this increased FTE density it would experience "gravitational" blue shifting. Those quotes are used because in reality we are not increasing the mass which normally causes the phenomenon,  but we are increasing the FTE density due to those colliding FTEP fluxes from electrons in each magnetic pole.

The greatest increase of the FTE density happens near the interacting electrons, hence the blue shifting phenomenon should be observable near those electrons (a.k.a. near the surfaces of the poles). How big the blue shifting will be? I can't answer that at the moment because I'm not done with the FTEP dynamics research yet. Picture below describes the experimental setup.

mechanism_experimentLaser shoots photons with known wavelength into the magnetic field as close as possible to one of the poles. Laser is outside the magnetic field. Photodetector must be put inside the magnetic field so that it can detect the blue shifted light. If the photodetector is put outside the magnetic field the light coming out of the magnetic field experiences red shifting (due to decreased FTE density) and the photodetector measures the initial wavelength coming from the laser.

If one puts up the described experimental setup it would be reasonable to make measurements throughout the whole gap between the poles. Electromagnet would be also nice, one could alter the force between the poles and see how it affects the predicted blue shifting phenomenon. Of course, increasing the force can be done with permanent magnets by decreasing the gap between the poles.

If the predicted blue shifting is detected it supports the TOEBI mechanism behind particle interactions, in this case between electrons.

Update: At least MRS photodiode won't suffer from strong magnetic fields.