Sun Bending Starlight

Let's figure out how much our Sun bends starlight according to ToEbi. We have all the needed initial figures.

  • Mass of Sun: 1.98*10^{30} kg
  • Photon mass: 6.62606957*10^{34} kg (Planck constant which in reality is photon mass)
  • (Stellar) rotation frequency of Sun: \approx 800*10^{-9} 1/s
  • Sun's radius: 696 342 000 m

By integrating over 500 seconds we get pretty much the half of the impulse deflecting starlight.

\int_0^{500} \! G_{sun}\frac{M_{sun}M_{photon}}{\sqrt{696342000^2+(t*299792458)^2}^2} \, \mathrm{d}t \approx 3.15*10^{-33} \text{ J}


Hence the total impulse \approx 6.3*10^{-33} J and deflection angle is then

\frac{6.3*10^{-33}}{h*c} \approx \sin \alpha


Which gives \alpha \approx 3.17*10^{-8} rad, however, the measured angle is 8.5*10^{-6} rad. So, according to ToEbi, Sun's gravitational influence per se doesn't bend starlight as much as observed. There have to be another mechanism also behind the observed deflection.

Let's focus on atomic level interaction between matter and light. What we are looking for is a phenomenon where we observe the bending of light without dispersion like behaviour where the amount of bending depends also on light's wavelength. I will write a paper of its own regarding this matter or write a chapter into future Introduction to ToEbi.

Project for My Retirement Years

Don't worry, I have more than 20 years until my retirement! Unless I choose to make an early retirement ;) Right... the project. Just for fun I searched for cryocoolers and guess what? Used cryocoolers don't cost as much as one might expect. With thousand bucks or so one can get a pretty decent cryocooler capable of bringing hydrogen under 13.99 K. Oh yeah, that means solid hydrogen my dear reader :D

With solid hydrogen I can confirm pretty easily the unique prediction of ToEbi regarding particle annihilation. Funny thing is that playing around with solid hydrogen is cheaper than making my case with two decent electron guns, fancier outcome with lesser money.

Obviously, now I'm wondering should I build the setup now instead of waiting over 20 years... I might better think this through while resting in my garden swing ;)

Sun - Earth - Moon

In this post I'll do some calculations involving our Sun, Earth and Moon. Let's start with Sun and Earth. How much mass Sun has? Based on Newton, the mass of Sun is 1.9891*10^{30} kg. Based on ToEbi, the mass of Sun is

\frac{M_{earth}v^2}{R}=(G_{earth}+G_{sun})\frac{M_{earth}M_{sun}}{R^2}

where G_{sun} = 0.5*f_{sun}^2 \approx 0.5*800*10^{-9^2} which gives us M_{sun} \approx 1.98*10^{30} kg. Total rotation frequency of Sun is an estimation [1] combining the rotation frequency of the core and outer layer.

Ok then, how about our Moon? Current estimation is  7.34767309 * 10^{22} kg. Based on ToEbi, the mass of Moon can be calculated from

1.62 = G_{moon} \frac{M_{moon}}{1737100^2}

where G_{moon} \approx 8.97*10^{-14}, hence M_{moon}\approx 5.449695*10^{25} kg! That's right, Moon has a bigger mass than Earth! But Moon orbits Earth, not the other way round! That's right, the big difference comes from Moon's much smaller rotation frequency.

How about forces between Sun, Moon and Earth (based on ToEbi)?

  • Sun - Earth: \approx 3.53*10^{22} N
  • Earth - Moon: \approx 1.47*10^{23} N
  • Sun - Moon: \approx 1.965*10^{21} N

So, there is no chance that Sun takes Moon from us :) At least not in the near future.

[1] http://articles.adsabs.harvard.edu//full/1994ApJ...435..874J/0000878.000.html

ToEbi 2 Years Old

Well well well... time flies indeed. In last year's "interview" I speculated that in optimistic scenario ToEbi might break through in next 12 months, but it didn't. Next 12 months don't look any better in that sense either :) Why? Extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidences, and ToEbi surely belongs to the category.

I could write dozens of papers and talk with hundreds of physicists with very little traction. I have suggested all kinds of experiments to various physicists and asked penetrating questions in differents venues, all in vain. But there is also physicists who listens at first but after awhile get covered with disbelief, fear and denial. With fear I mean the fear of the consequences if (and when) I'm right. Digging one's head under the sand is always wise and productive, not!

What can I do? It depends on what do I want. Do I know what I really want? I'm not so sure anymore :D Like an year ago, I was sure, quick breakthrough and so on. What would that mean? Nothing positive in a long run. ToEbi breakthrough means factually devising antimatter based explosion and that can't and won't be a positive thing on my CV ;) So, do you see my dilemma?

Anyway, now I KNOW what the great filter is and the answer to Fermi paradox, that's something, isn't it? It's dead planet orbiting.

No Change, No Time - Results

Finally, I got the time to calculate expected time dilation near spinning disk. Let's say that disk mass = 6.3 g, spinning rate = 16666.667 rps, disk radius = 2 cm and gap between disk's edge and clock (at least clock's quartz crystal) = 0.5 cm. All this happens 1 m above the ground and all units are excluded due to problems in classical physics ;)

At first we should calculate generated acceleration caused by spinning disk. We should use Second and Third laws of ToEbi. Dampening factor (T_{Earth}) generated by rotating Earth is

T_{Earth} = \frac{1}{1.33477*10^{-10}*5.97219*10^{24}*0.005}\approx 2.509*10^{-13}

and generated acceleration including dampening

T_{Earth}*\frac{0.5*16666.667^2*0.0063}{0.005^2}\approx 8.78*10^{-3}

Acceleration generated by gravitational interaction is \approx 9.81, so we can see immediately that generated time dilation won't be that big. Anyway, the next step is to calculate actual time dilation with equations described in Atom Model and Relativity paper. At this point, I must remind that measuring the acceleration on the clock won't be too hard!

Gravitational factor of relativity is defined in ToEbi as

R_{G}=(\frac{m^3}{kg})\frac{M}{\frac{4}{3}\pi r^3}

which applies when we study gravitational factor of relativity near a stellar object. We can handle our "gravitational" factor of relativity purely based on generated acceleration on our clock, Earth generates a_{Earth}\approx 9.81 and spinning disk a_{disk}\approx 8.78*10^{-3}.

Clock stands still hence relativity factor equals gravitational factor of relativity and so change factor

k = \frac{R_{A} - R_{B}}{R_{A}} = \frac{a_{Earth}-a_{disk} - a_{Earth}}{a_{Earth}} \approx -8.95*10^{-4}

and

k_{effective}=\frac{k^3}{\frac{4}{3}\pi} \approx -1.71*10^{-10}

After 24 hours the clock has fallen behind \approx 2.5*10^{-15} seconds. That's just too damn small amount of time to detect. Luckily, generated force on the clock is easier to detect. Let's say that the clock's mass is 50 grams (and the clock is imaginary tiny one), generated force is

\approx 4.39*10^{-4} N

Majorana Particle

Majorana particle is its own antiparticle, no news here. The mindblowing fact is that every particle is Majorana particle! At this moment, I can almost hear the sound from your rolling eyes :) But I'm not wrong! You can annihilate for example electron or proton with another electron or proton. For more information, read ToEbi Antimatter paper.

You won't find an experiment which proves me wrong! If you find one, please, send me a reference to it and I'll stop writing about ToEbi ;) Quite contrary, you'll find out (hopefully this year) that I'm right. Sooner or later, somebody is going to deliver the goods...

Update Here's a few places where you can find my question with few answers:

No Change, No Time

Physicist Mike McCulloch pondered how to observe no change - no time idea.

Previously I wrote a piece which relates to that. Predicted phenomenon is possible to scale down and test. Actually Mike himself is going to have an experiment which is quite suitable for observing the phenomenon!

One needs only a small clock of any type and put that clock next to the high spin frequency disk's edge. Generated horizontal FTEP flux from spinning disk causes denser FTE on the clock hence, according to ToEbi, slower changes in atomic level. Generated slower change rate equals time elapses slower.

In principle, it's possible (with described setup) to stop changes altogether in atomic level meaning no time for the clock. I'll do the needed calculations (predictions) when I have enough free time (hopefully within week or two).

Update: Life sucks... I haven't forgot this task of mine. It's just that I haven't got a proper time slot to accomplish it :( Anyway, the calculation plan goes something like this. At first, we should calculate the force (Second law of ToEbi) between the clock and spinning disk, then apply Third law of ToEbi (dampening factor) to it.

However, ToEbi is based on spinning spheres, so I need to think about how it works with spinning disks.

Timer

How long does it take before somebody gives ToEbi a chance? I mean those antimatter experiments (here and here) suggested earlier. Experiments and collaborations were offered for many mainstream physicists. Elapsed time from those suggestions is kind of ignorance meter to me :)

I decided to put a timer on my blog which reveals immediately how much time has elapsed after my latest post describing the proton annihilation experiment. You can find the timer also from blog's main page, so it will be easy to keep eye on.

Without further due... here it is, the timer:

 107 days 3 hours 54 minutes 40 seconds

Those ignorant bastards! ;)

Galaxy Rotation Curve

You are most like familiar with the concept of galaxy rotation curve, so I cut to the point. We don't need any dark matter to hold up our more or less constant orbital velocities (measured values in line B).

Picture from Wikipedia

Centripetal force, which keeps those stars on their orbits, behaves like this

F = \frac{mv^2}{R}

and in this case the force is generated by

F = \frac{GmM}{R^2}

What's the problem? Let's see

\frac{mv^2}{R} = \frac{GmM}{R^2}

so we get

\text{constant} \approx v^2 = \frac{GM}{R}

We pretty much know how a normal matter is distributed around a disk galaxy, and therefore mainstream physics has stumbled on the matter (pun unintended) and hit its head on dark matter :)

If you look at the issue from ToEbi POV the answer is obvious! If velocity stays pretty much stable and mass won't increase at the same rate as distance then something's gotta give! In ToEbi, G isn't constant and it's the only one who can balance the equation (with simplicity and elegance).

G=\frac{f^2}{2}

where f is (in this case) stellar rotation rate.

And indeed, many huge gravitating stellar objects located in galaxy arms have much shorter stellar rotation period than for example our own Sun or even Earth. Don't forget very high stellar rotation frequencies possessed by for example neutron stars and like.

Also very high number of O-stars in galaxy center has its implications, but those concern more about potential black hole existence (covered in future blog post).

Imam Hossein University

Imam Hossein University is located in Tehran, Iran. What makes it so special? Firstly, it's a military university and secondly, it's the center for experiments on nuclear research in Iran. Thirdly, it has shown some interest on ToEbi... I'll take that as a complement.

I have no idea what they are doing with my research but I suspect that it got to do with my antimatter annihilation idea. You guys should be extra careful with your experiments! Generate only as few annihilation events as possible in one run!

It would be also advisable to consult with me before doing any major experiments.