Heureka!

Heureka indeed... The missing piece of the puzzle. But this time, I want to proceed differently. Now I can qualitatively explain the behaviour of a magnetic fields and phenomena related to them, but I want more. This more means certain corrections to TOEBI but the gain makes it worthwhile, we'll have the complete toolset for every particle related calculation.

What's going to happen?

  1. I'll stop writing this blog until I have finished my paper and I don't have any idea for how long that will take. Surely I'll answer your questions in comments but that's all.
  2. The paper will satisfy scientific requirements, hence it should be peer reviewed and published. I'll ask your feedback before submitting the paper.
  3. TOEBI 2.0 will be launched.

That's all folks!

TOEBI 3 Years Old

Once again another year has gone... it's time to recap some of the highlights from the past year. At first, a lot has happened! I personally have learned a lot about different phenomena and mathematics in physics. Also, I have had the pleasure to enjoy feedback from professional physicists like Berry and Yop. Both of these advances have guided TOEBI into more correct form which means, on the other hand, that some of the old ideas were dropped, i.e. the attempt to explain magnetic fields by static electron spinning vectors.

What is the current situation? According to Berry, there is no point for me to continue because I have failed so many times in my attempts to deliver something out of TOEBI. I can understand his point, but the thing which I don't understand, is what other reasonable underlying explanations there can be for Nature and its phenomena other than concrete, spherical, spinning objects, under the hoods of quantum mechanics and relativity? And being satisfied with the mainstream physics theories' depth looks like a failure to me. I believe we can do much better.

What can I do and what I'll have to do? To be more convincing, I need to go back to basics, FTEP dynamics it is. By creating a compact toolset from existing TOEBI principles which can be used in explaining and calculating every possible physical phenomena should do the trick. Is it doable? It should be if I'm right about the underlying reality of Nature. Can I do it? That's another question...

...But at least I'm f**king trying!!! Yuri Milner and other billionaires, few million euros would speed up the process considerably 😉

Spinning Vectors Unleashed

For me, getting rid of the image of a static spinning vector has been a very long process. Initially I have thought that there would be no "quick" mechanism for changing a spinning vector orientation. Then external challenges thrown in by real physicists enforced me to adopt the possibility that maybe those spinning vectors actually change their orientation as everyday business.

But still I was thinking that maybe this spinning vector orientation changing business concerned only those free particles, not those numerous electrons generating a magnetic fields. Now I have to admit, static spinning vectors in magnetic poles just won't work. So, back to the drawing board...

Ok then, let's say that those electron spinning vectors (SVs) in a magnetic pole are constantly changing their orientation, does it make things work more correctly? And how are those SVs changing in a magnetic field, do they change in an unified manner? Let's start with the assumption that electron SVs in a magnet change their orientation in a plane (perpendicular to magnetic field lines) by spinning into the same direction.

If we have a cylinder shaped magnet having N at the other end and S at the other, what can we say based on the previous assumption?

Magnetic_pole

In picture above we have a magnetic pole seen above having a bunch of electron SVs which are spinning counter-clockwise. Underneath those SVs there is other layers having the same SV spinning pattern. Those SVs precess at the same rate due to the similar similar crystal structure and involved atoms in the magnet (Why exactly? Needs further clarification). If we turned our magnet upside down we would see that those SVs are spinning in clockwise manner.

At this point, our test particle (electron) enters the stage. What would happen to it if we put it above the magnetic pole? It would be surrounded by FTEP fluxes ejected by electrons in the pole and FTEPs ejected from those FTEP fluxes would have the additional angular momentum. Let's take a closer look...

Close_up

 

Which direction our test particle's SV would start to precess? It precesses because electron tends to change its SV orientation antiparallel to those of other nearby unpaired electrons. If it precesses counterclockwise it would precess to the same direction than the unpaired electrons in the magnet and just like in case of two magnetic poles that would result attractive force between them. Opposite precession direction would result repulsive force between the electron and the magnet. I'll explain the exact mechanism in future FTEP Dynamics paper update.

In the next experiment we shoot an electron with velocity \vec v perpendicular into to our inhomogeneous magnetic field.

electron_curving

Red arrows mean the trajectory of the electron and blue arrows its precession direction. Why the electron deflects to the right? Simply because the angular momentum of the FTEP fluxes from the magnet's electrons. Those FTEP fluxes push the electron constantly to the right and above a large enough magnet the electron would start making a circle (guiding center).

According to the contemporary physics conventions electron's deflection to the right means that the magnetic field points away from us which means that we are looking at the south pole here in our example. Because of the opposite precession directions the electron would experience repulsive force pushing it towards us (spin up).

After the electron leaves the magnetic field, as it does in our example, it still has its precession (conservation of angular momentum). So if we measure the electron spin again in another magnetic field (having the same orientation) the outcome would be the same, spin up. Having two "entangled" electrons and randomly orientated magnetic fields (perpendicular to electrons' trajectories) while measuring electron spins from TOEBI's point of view should be a very interesting topic. Can TOEBI reproduce quantum mechanical results?

How the velocity of electron affects its behaviour in a magnetic field? Obviously its velocity perpendicular to a magnetic field affects the amount of deflecting (to the right in our example) FTEPs encountered by it. In other words, particle's velocity perpendicular to a magnetic field and the force deflecting (to the right in our example) particle has the linear dependency. However, particle's velocity doesn't affect the deflection (anti)parallel to a magnetic field because the amount of incoming FTEPs (experienced by particle) stays the same.

I'll enhance this post later or make a new one to include i.e. proton and positron.  

Electron Spin

Update: Text in this blog post is outdated and wrong! For more accurate information read Spinning Vectors Unleashed.

 

Experiments have given rise to the contemporary quantum mechanical concepts like electron spin and electron intrinsic angular momentum. On the other hand, TOEBI tells that electron has its spinning vector, just like any spinning sphere would have. How do these two interpretations come along?

If we have a free electron in a magnetic field how does it behave according to TOEBI? Due to the arranged electrons on the magnetic poles (see Introduction to Theory of Everything by Illusion) our free electron aligns itself so that its spinning vector is perpendicular to the "magnetic" field lines. Such a alignment happens because of the FTEP fluxes ejected by electrons on the magnetic poles interact with the free electron's own FTEP flux. Due to more dense and spatially constrained incoming FTEP fluxes , free electron changes its spinning vector orientation accordingly (a.k.a. perpendicularly). But that's not the whole story.

When free electron is surrounded by these multiple FTEP fluxes coming in from many directions (correction: it should refer at electron's TOEBI defined spinning vector) it also starts to rotate around new axis which is aligned to the "magnetic" field lines. It simply reacts to the emerged FTEP flux (combination of all magnetic pole electron FTEP fluxes) having a certain rotation frequency. Details of this emerged FTEP flux need further research but obviously the frequency is depending on the amount of poles' electrons, hence depending on the strength of a magnetic field.

Now we have a free electron having its spinning vector aligned perpendicular to the magnetic field lines and on top of that, the spinning vector spins around another axis which is aligned to the magnetic field lines. Free TOEBI electron's spinning vector in a magnetic field is able to spin (around the axis aligned to the magnetic field lines) either left or right. This is the point where TOEBI and quantum mechanics shake their hands so to speak.

If free electron's spinning vector spinning is watched above a magnetic field (field lines are coming towards viewer) then counter-clockwise spinning is interpreted as negative charge (i.e. electron) and clockwise is interpreted as positive charge (i.e. positron).

Above is only qualitative presentation for the mechanism behind quantum mechanics' electron spin concept. Things get more tricky when we have an electron bound to an atom, like in Stern-Gerlach Experiment. But that's something for a new blog post.

Paradigm Shift

I had my one week early summer vacation and I headed to Stockholm with my family. We just browsed through the usual attractions and from my request we visited also Nobel museum in Gamla Stan, kind of small and crowded place I would say. I suggest that one should visit the place absolutely off-season. Here are the mandatory pictures from the museum... with about 1.5 EUR one can buy her own (sweat) Nobel prize and no, I didn't buy one.

20150603_112601 20150603_113114

The best place for me was the shop at the museum, there was all sorts of tourist stuff but also a bunch of interesting books related to sciences. One member from our traveling party purchased me a book as a souvenir and so I did select Thomas Kuhn's The Structure of Scientific Revolutions!

First of all, the book was kind of hard to read, used language was very elaborate and I lost frequently the thread in a sentence. Nevertheless the message itself was loud and clear, paradigms do change via scientific crisis, albeit extremely slowly on human timescale. Well, no news here... almost! Because physics is currently experiencing a huge crisis. Dark matter and energy as its main issues. Problems with gravitational interaction in theory wise, variations with G, flyby anomalies, what are mass and inertia. Wasted years with String theories etc. Also by reading some of the physics blogs one can notice how viciously trained physicists attack on the alternative theories, just as described in Kuhn's book (first printed in 1962), paradigms defend themselves. It's ok to attack an alternative theory if it sucks from a mile's distance but if a theory shows some potential it should be explored a bit more and yes, TOEBI belongs to the later category.

Naturally I believe that the next big paradigm will be TOEBI which is able to include quantum theory, relativity theories and explain dark matter and energy, all the ingredients for the theory of everything. According to Kuhn, I most likely won't enjoy the fruits of TOEBI because a paradigm shift takes so much time, bummer! That might be the case indeed, however, I have an ace in my sleeve... antimatter!

According to TOEBI, one can annihilate particles without at first generating contemporary antiparticles with various contemporary ways. The biggest challenge is to control particles' spinning orientation and keep them at the wanted orientation before putting them together. If that can be done then annihilation through particle-particle interaction will be doable. I have previously presented that with two solid hydrogen blocks one can accomplish a major simultaneous annihilation event. The problem is that a block of solid hydrogen induces an unwanted spinning axis motion (rotation) for the contained protons.

One solution could be the usage of two solid hydrogen monolayers... Anyway, my point is that by succeeding in this annihilation endeavor I might be able to see and enjoy the future TOEBI paradigm. Now I'm "enjoying" a flu picked up from my Stockholm visit... Hot tea and honey, please!

FTEP Dynamics

Update: You can check out the progress from FTEP Dynamics paper. After the paper is completed it will be inserted as a part into Introduction to Theory of Everything by Illusion.

I do realize, thanks to the site visitors Yop and Berry, that FTEP dynamics is the most important thing in TOEBI. But I haven't touched the topic previously because I have needed more data and experience from the different circumstances where FTEPs play their part. Accumulating all that requires time and patience and I'm also updating Introduction to Theory of Everything by Illusion along this journey. What have I learned so far?

FTEPs carry the main part of particle mass. Underlying particle's cross section and spinning frequency matter but the amount of FTEPs bound to particle constitutes its mass. This means for example that electron can appear as muon if it gains the additional amount of FTEPs around itself. I will write out the mechanism in detail in future versions of the book, this applies also for the following observations.

continue...

Proof For The Mechanism

I figured out a pretty easy way to prove TOEBI description for particle interactions. You need only a magnetic field, a laser and a decent photodetector. According to TOEBI, the mechanism behind the attractive force between magnetic poles is due to a spinning vector pattern which allows the accumulation of FTEPs on the electron's side facing the other magnetic pole.

Accumulation of FTEPs means an increased FTE density which has its consequences... for example, if we send light into this increased FTE density it would experience "gravitational" blue shifting. Those quotes are used because in reality we are not increasing the mass which normally causes the phenomenon,  but we are increasing the FTE density due to those colliding FTEP fluxes from electrons in each magnetic pole.

The greatest increase of the FTE density happens near the interacting electrons, hence the blue shifting phenomenon should be observable near those electrons (a.k.a. near the surfaces of the poles). How big the blue shifting will be? I can't answer that at the moment because I'm not done with the FTEP dynamics research yet. Picture below describes the experimental setup.

mechanism_experimentLaser shoots photons with known wavelength into the magnetic field as close as possible to one of the poles. Laser is outside the magnetic field. Photodetector must be put inside the magnetic field so that it can detect the blue shifted light. If the photodetector is put outside the magnetic field the light coming out of the magnetic field experiences red shifting (due to decreased FTE density) and the photodetector measures the initial wavelength coming from the laser.

If one puts up the described experimental setup it would be reasonable to make measurements throughout the whole gap between the poles. Electromagnet would be also nice, one could alter the force between the poles and see how it affects the predicted blue shifting phenomenon. Of course, increasing the force can be done with permanent magnets by decreasing the gap between the poles.

If the predicted blue shifting is detected it supports the TOEBI mechanism behind particle interactions, in this case between electrons.

Update: At least MRS photodiode won't suffer from strong magnetic fields.

The Great Filter II

I have been talking about the topic previously and unfortunately more the time has passed and more I have studied TOEBI then bleaker our future appears. Gamma ray burst due to the full blown particle destruction chain reaction a.k.a. The Great Filter is about to hit us. It can happen anytime and we can't do anything about it. So now you understand the bleak part of our future.

What do I mean with that we can't do anything about it? Well... we can't stop the scientific progress, can we? I doubt it. How could we? In case of The Great Filter I'm referring at the development of particle physics. Mainstream particle physicists are not stupid, eventually they will realize the same thing than I have realized, you can annihilate particle without producing, through high energy process, its antiparticle. You only have to realize what's behind the particle spin and that's not too big of step from today's knowledge.

Every sensible individual understands what to do, right? Just don't go in there! Just don't! The problem is that mainstream physicists don't know about this potentially devastating risk involved with their experiments. On the other hand, how do one inform and warn about it? It's like talking to a deaf ears... ironic.

Let's imagine that for some miracle reason we manage to stop the scientific progress. Do you think that would concern a secret military research programs or otherwise mentally defected dictators etc from developing antimatter based doomsday devices? That's right... we are about to hit The Great Filter.

And just FYI Elon Musk, you can't escape The Great Filter by habiting Mars, gamma ray burst most likely annihilates nearby planets too. What can I say? At least we shouldn't worry about little things and we should enjoy our lives as much as possible. In case you don't believe in my message that's one way to go, after all, ignorance is bliss.

Galaxy Rotation Curve - v2.0

You are most likely familiar with the concept of galaxy rotation curve, so I cut to the point. We don't need dark matter to hold up our more or less constant orbital velocities (measured values in line B), we better call it FTEPs from now on...

Picture from Wikipedia

Centripetal force, which keeps those stars on their orbits, behaves like this

F = \frac{mv^2}{R}

and in this case the force is generated by

F = \frac{GmM}{R^2}

What's the problem? Let's see

\frac{mv^2}{R} = \frac{GmM}{R^2}

so we get

\text{constant} \approx v^2 = \frac{GM}{R}

We pretty much know how normal matter is distributed around a disk galaxy, and therefore mainstream physics has stumbled on the matter (pun unintended) and hit its head on dark matter.

If you look at the issue from TOEBI POV the answer is (now) obvious! If velocity stays pretty much stable and G won't increase at the same rate as distance then something's gotta give! It's the mass, but not the mass we can observe directly, hence scientists call it as dark matter. Particle mass emerges from particle's surface area (linked to its cross section), spinning frequency and the amount of FTEPs it can bound to itself by those first two ingredients.

Space itself is filled with FTEPs. Around mass concentrations most of these FTEPs are leftovers from the together gathered particles, mass defect in greater scale so to speak. FTEPs themselves clump together pretty weakly if at all, so when orbiting stars deflect FTEPs around the highest velocity FTEPs go towards the outer parts of a galaxy in plane wise manner. Observed wave patterns in galaxy arms might emerge from these millions of FTEP deflection phenomena along the galaxy arms.

At some point, deflected FTEPs starts to build up due to lost momentum, pretty much similarly than in case of some particle interactions described by TOEBI. Nevertheless, the outcome from increased FTE density will be an increased gravitational interaction as described in The Mechanism blog post.

What I now need to do is to calculate how things would emerge for example in our galaxy according to the above description. Before that I have to finish off my current project on FTEP dynamics.

Length of Day

Variations on Earth's length of day (LOD) is most likely the reason for the different measurements of G. You can read more about the variations of LOD from Phys.org article. Anyway, the variation is the magic word!

Let's picture our Earth as an electron... spinning and minding its own business and all the sudden its spinning frequency changes. What would happen in case of electron? Let's say that the spinning frequency increases a tiny fraction, say 1.001 * f_{e}. We already know that due to electron's huge spinning frequency (f_{e} = 8.98755179*10^{16} 1/s) and tiny size changes in the amount of circulating and bound FTEPs happen pretty quickly. In case of spinning frequency increase the amount of FTEPs bound to electron increases, hence electron mass would increase till there exists an equilibrium with the spinning frequency and the amount of bound FTEPs.

Earth's spinning frequency increase would increase also the amount of circulating and Earth bound FTEPs on top of the amount already bound to Earth mass. But due to Earth's size and slow spinning frequency those changes on the amount of FTEPs won't happen that quickly at all. What happens before the equilibrium between spinning frequency and the amount of additional bound FTEPs is achieved?

Increased spinning frequency would mean that outwards FTEP flow (in planet scale) would be greater than inwards FTEP flow. Inwards flow will eventually catch up. Based on Phys.org article that catching up might take as long as couple of months. During that time particles bound to Earth experience a situation where outwards flux consumes FTEPs around them and generate increased pressure on those particles' sides perpendicular to Earth's center of mass which is detected by sensitive G measurements during those months. During those months inwards flux gets stronger and eventually the equilibrium is achieved and G measurements converge towards its mean value.

In case of decreased Earth's spinning frequency things go reverse. There will be a temporary excess of FTEPs surrounding Earth's mass and also the pressure around the sides of particles perpendicular to Earth center of mass is decreased due to decreased Earth's spinning frequency. All this generates the illusion of the increased value for G as described in previous blog post. Again, the equilibrium state between inwards and outwards fluxes will be achieved during the following months and G settles down.

On top of G measurements when Earth's spinning frequency increases or decreases I suggest that measurements should be done also when decrease happens a few months after the previous decrease (no increases in between).