According to TOEBI, both protons and neutrons consist of three plain vanilla electrons. As we know protons and neutrons behave differently if we put them into a magnetic field. In this post we go through some properties and differences between protons and neutrons.
First of all, both particles have approximately the same mass, kg for proton and kg for neutron. Why neutron is a bit heavier than proton if both are constructed by three electrons? What reduces neutron's charge? These two questions might have the same answer.
Let's start from the basics. How three electrons manage to stay together when they normally would repel each other away? Obviously something prevents the expected behaviour and most likely it's the FTE density outside the three electrons, at least it's difficult to invent anything else compatible with TOEBI ideas. It means that the FTE density in between the electrons must be lower than the outer density because if it were higher, the density would prevent the stable system. Just like a nucleus generates high enough FTE density which blocks electrons from crashing into it.
According to previously described mechanism those three electrons experience acceleration outwards their system, but the higher outer FTE density prevents them from escaping the system, hence protons and neutrons are stable. Well, neutrons are stable only in nucleus and also that phenomenon needs an explanation.
What kind of setups those three electrons can possess inside proton or neutron? Based on proton and neutron behaviour in a magnetic field there is two possible setups, either they all have the parallel spinning vector orientations or one of the electrons has antiparallel spinning vector orientation compared to others. How come? Well, the spinning vectors can't be at random orientations because protons' and neutrons' consistent behaviour in a magnetic field. Ok then, which setup belongs to proton and which one to neutron? Neutrons react in lesser extend to a magnetic field than protons, that's a clue... In TOEBI, the only reasonable mechanism explaining that would be that neutrons have two electrons with parallel spinning vector orientations and one electron with antiparallel spinning vector orientation. Such a setup would reduce neutron's reactivity in a magnetic field (e.g. -factor). One electron works against the other two which leads to the observed reduced charge of neutron.
How do these two different electron spinning vector orientation setups affect proton and neutron mass?